A hadith from Abu Dawood presented to prove the prohibition of music

Question

Assalam-o-alaikum! May God help you in giving precise answer.(ameen) I heard Allama Ghamidi's view on music,but some hadith come in my mind which probably prohibit music ,so I decided to ask from Allama Ghamidi.I read a hadith that said a man heard music and put fingers in ears,when he was asked why he did so,answer was revealed that he saw beloved Prophet(sws) doing this.I am a fan of Allama Ghamidi and hope for my answer in your and mine best health.


Answer by Mushafiq Sultan

wa alaikumussalaam

You have asked about the following hadith narrative from Abu Dawud

عَنْ نَافِعٍ، قَالَ سَمِعَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ، مِزْمَارًا – قَالَ – فَوَضَعَ أُصْبُعَيْهِ عَلَى أُذُنَيْهِ وَنَأَى عَنِ الطَّرِيقِ وَقَالَ لِي يَا نَافِعُ هَلْ تَسْمَعُ شَيْئًا قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لاَ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَرَفَعَ أُصْبُعَيْهِ مِنْ أُذُنَيْهِ وَقَالَ كُنْتُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَسَمِعَ مِثْلَ هَذَا فَصَنَعَ مِثْلَ هَذَا ‏.

Nafi' said: Ibn Umar heard a pipe, put his fingers in his ears and went away from the road. He said to me: Are you hearing anything? I said: No. He said: He then took his fingers out of his ears and said: I was with the Prophet (ﷺ), and he heard like this and he did like this. (Hadith 4924)

After narrating this hadith Imam Abu Dawood has said that it is a Munkar (rejected) Hadith.

However, some scholars have classified it as 'Hasan' (fair) and some have classified it as Saheeh like Shaikh Albani. In any case, even if this hadith is accepted, it still does not prove that music is haraam. On the contrary, it proves that music is not haraam. Had the sound from this flute been Haraam, Ibn Umar (ra) would not only have closed his ears but also asked Nafi to stop listening to it. The narrative shows that Nafi (ra) was continuously listening to this music. Had music been prohibited, then Ibn Umar (ra) would have asked the person playing this flute to stop playing it. It is also possible that Ibn Umar (ra) and the Prophet (sws) personally disliked listening to it and not something they wanted others to stay away from. Further, Ibn Umar (ra) did not say that the Prophet (sws) commanded him to put his fingers in his ears. Rather he simply emulated an action that the Prophet (sws) did.

This narrative cannot become a basis for prohibiting music.

Allah knows best.

Regards,

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